The Ubuntu 22.04 operating system (code name: Jammy Jellyfish) is a free and open-source Linux distribution derived from the Debian Linux distribution. This distribution is known for its stable, secure, and user-friendly interface, making it one of the most popular Linux distributions in the world. The Ubuntu 22.04 operating system is designed for both personal computers and servers, offering a wide range of features and applications. Ubuntu 22.04 offers the following new features, improvements, and bug fixes compared to Ubuntu 20.04. If you already have Ubuntu 20.04, you can upgrade to Ubuntu 22.04. As usual, you will receive updates and support until 2027.
This section contains only some of the notable improvements in Ubuntu 22.04, however, you can read the full release notes here.
- Linux Kernel 5.15 LTS | Real-time kernel.
- GNOME 42 has been introduced.
- New logo and Plymouth.
- Packages and Application Updates : Python 3.10 / Php8.1 / Ruby 3.0 / Thunderbird 91.5 / PulseAudio 15.0 / LibreOffice 7.2.5.
- UI accent colours.
- New Multitasking options in Settings.
- Support for 2GB Raspberry Pi 4.
- More Ubuntu Dock options in Settings.
- Overall, Ubuntu 22.04 is a powerful and versatile operating system that offers a great balance between usability.
This comprehensive guide provides you with a straightforward process for how to install Ubuntu 22.04 LTS in nine simple steps. By adhering to these easy-to-follow instructions, you will be able to swiftly have Ubuntu 22.04 fully functional on your machine. So, without further ado, let us begin the journey of how to install ubuntu 22.04 on VirtualBox.
HDD minimum : 30 GB
RAM minimum : 2 GB (Recommended 4 GB)
System Type : 64-bit x86 System
Installation kit : Bootable DVD/USB/.iso
The minimum system requirements to install Ubuntu on VirtualBox can be found above, so you can determine if your hardware meets them. Be sure to check the hardware requirements before beginning the Ubuntu 22.04 installation process to ensure that your installation will be successful and that you will be able to utilize all its features. The operating system allows you to take advantage of its graphical features with a graphics card that supports 3D acceleration.
This demonstration will be conducted to install Ubuntu on Virtualbox (VMware Workstation 17 pro). Let's assume that you already have a virtual box or a standard machine ready for Ubuntu 22.04 LTS installation.
Step-1: Download the latest Ubuntu 22.04
Download Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Desktop:
An ISO file contains a comprehensive package of data and information that is essential for the installation of an operating system. For a successful installation, you must obtain the correct ISO file that matches your system specifications. This is because various ISO files are specifically tailored to different computer types and architectures. The official website of Ubuntu provides a link for downloading the Ubuntu ISO file. It is advisable to verify the file's checksum to guarantee its authenticity and accuracy. This crucial step will ensure that the downloaded ISO file is not corrupted and will be installed correctly on your system.
Step-2: Bootable DVD/USB
If you plan to install Ubuntu 22.04 LTS on VirtualBox, it is recommended to utilize the ISO image instead of a bootable DVD or USB drive. Our setup consists of a virtualized environment, whereas a bare metal installation necessitates a bootable DVD or USB drive. In case you encounter any problems creating a bootable USB to install Ubuntu from USB, you can refer to the step-by-step guide.
Step-3: Start the Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Installation
Upon booting from the ".iso" or "bootable media kit, you will be welcomed with a screen presenting multiple options. To initiate the installation process of Ubuntu 22.04, you must select the "Try or Install Ubuntu" option and hit the Enter key.
The following Welcome Screen will allow you to choose between "Try Ubuntu or Install Ubuntu".
"Try Ubuntu" : gives you a live version of the operating system, that is, it boots the OS directly from the installation media. You can use this option to test if Ubuntu fits your configuration and preferences. Using this option will not allow you to do any important task, since any changes made or files created will be stored in the main memory.
"Install Ubuntu" : A permanent installation of Ubuntu is created on a computer's hard disk. We will move forward with this option in our demo.
Step-4: Keyboard Layout
Our keyboard layout needs to be chosen here, by default English (US) is selected, but based on your preferences you can change that. We'll go with the default.
Step-5: Updates And Other Software
We have two options here when it comes to the installation type: "Normal Installation" and "Minimal Installation."
Normal Installation: A fully functional Ubuntu GUI desktop with all the essential software, such as web browsers, office software, games, and media players
Minimal installation: This type of installation only contains basic functional applications.
The most recommended way to learn about the Ubuntu desktop is to proceed with a "Normal Installation". Optionally, you can add a tick mark under the "Other options" section if you have a good internet connection, allowing you to download the updates and third-party applications such as graphics, wifi, and other apps."
Step-6: Installation Type
Once you have selected the "Normal installation" option, you will be presented with a screen that offers two types of installation methods: "Erase disk and install Ubuntu" and "Something else."
Erase disk and install Ubuntu : This is an automated partitioning process where the entire hard disk is erased and installs the Ubuntu 22.04 OS automatically. This option is mainly designed to simplify the installation process for beginners to minimize the risk of errors and complications. However, the risk factor is when choosing this method, as it will erase all the existing data on your device. Therefore, we recommend that you always make a backup before making any changes in the partitions.
Something else : Using this option, users can manually partition their hard drives, modify the partitions, and customize them as needed. It is suitable for intermediate or advanced users with experience of configuring partitions and other installations.
The first option is the most appropriate choice for those without experience in this platform. For our demo, we selected the second option, "Something else."
Upon clicking "Continue", you'll see the following screen.
The ability to partition a disk is an essential skill for every Linux administrator. We have listed the minimum system requirements in the Prerequisites section. Incorrect configuration of partition schemes may lead to installation errors. You can use the sample format described below for a better understanding of both newbies and experienced Windows users who want to migrate to Linux. Based on your requirements, you can modify the given list.
For our demo, we will use the following partitions and 30 GB of virtual disk space.
- /boot – 2 GB with ext4 file system
- / – 15 GB with xfs file system
- /home – 3 GB with xfs file system
- /var – 2 GB with xfs file system
- Swap – 2 GB with swap filesystem
In order to create a partition, you must first create an empty partition table. Select the appropriate device and click on "New Partition Table".
Click on the Continue button.
In accordance with the above-mentioned format, partitions will be set up. To begin, we will create a boot partition with a size of 2GB. You can create a new partition by selecting "free space", clicking on the "+ symbol", entering its size, file system, and mount point, then hitting "Ok".
To continue, create a partition called "/" (parent), also known as "root". The partition size will be 15 GB.
Similar steps can be taken to create other partitions (/home, /var, and swap.
Additionally, if we plan on installing Ubuntu on a GPT disk, we must create an EFI partition of size between 512 to 1024 MB range and a Reserved Bios Boot Area of at least 1 MB.
After you have completed the partition scheme, click the "Install Now" button to complete the remaining installation steps.
If you wish to fulfill the write changes to disk, click the "Continue" button.
Step-7: Choose Location/Region
As soon as you select your location, the time zone will be configured according to your current location.
Step-8: User creation and host name settings
This section allows you to create a local username & password, and also set the hostname of your computer, and click "Continue" to begin the Ubuntu 22.04 LTS desktop installation.
From the following screen, you can see that the installation process has started and will take some time to complete. After the installation is complete, remove the installation media kit and reboot the computer.
Step-9: Login To Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Desktop
You should now be able to login to your newly installed Ubuntu 22.04 LTS desktop. The first time you log in, you will be prompted to follow a few steps. This is an optional step and you can skip it. There is no restriction on what you choose.
We have successfully installed Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Desktop! Thank you for taking the time to read! We hope this article has helped you understand the installation process. Drop me your feedback/comments. Feel free to share this article with others if you like it.
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